Sunday, 4 March 2018

Medical Cannabis: Does The Emperor Have No Clothes?

Today's post from (see link below) looks at the possibility that medical cannabis may not be all it's cracked up to be. Now the supporters and antagonists of medical cannabis tend to fall very firmly on one or the other sides of the fence. So given that it's getting a lot of publicity at the moment, ironically thanks to the war on opioids but also because so many people swear by it; what can the innocent patient make of it all...who's views do you trust? The only possible way you can judge is by looking at the evidence and this article suggests that the evidence that medical cannabis does what it's claimed to, is very thin indeed. It does grudgingly acknowledge that there may be some benefits for neuropathic pain patients, so we as a group can relax a bit more but in general the article insists that much more concrete evidence is needed for other claims of its benefits. Hard to argue with that but on the other hand, if medical cannabis is a commercial enterprise, then the customers can vote with their money and up to now, medical cannabis is proving to be extremely popular wherever it's available. It's also true that other sites and articles claim the evidence for its efficacy is much stronger than is suggested here. Is this doubt due to Canadian conservatism, or is it true that the emperor probably has no clothes? Only time will tell and there's little doubt that cannabis is being investigated at a level that many other drugs are not. Plus the fact that it's being legalised by perfectly sane authorities all over the world, suggest that the hype may not be as exaggerated as this article suggests. What do you think?

New guideline warns pain benefits of medical cannabis overstated
 Date: February 15, 2018 Source: University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry

University of Alberta led guideline warns health risks may outweigh benefits, provides guidance on when (and when not to) prescribe.

A new medical guideline published today suggests Canada's family physicians should take a sober second thought before prescribing medical cannabis to most patients.

Published in Canadian Family Physician, "Simplified Guideline for Prescribing Medical Cannabinoids in Primary Care" states there is limited evidence to support the reputed benefits of medical marijuana for many conditions, and what benefits do exist may be balanced out or even outweighed by the harms.

"While enthusiasm for medical marijuana is very strong among some people, good-quality research has not caught up," said Mike Allan, director of evidence-based medicine at the University of Alberta and project lead for the guideline.

The guideline was created after an in-depth review of clinical trials involving medical cannabis and will be distributed to roughly 30,000 clinicians across Canada. It was overseen by a committee of 10 individuals, supported by 10 other contributors, and peer reviewed by 40 others, each a mixture of doctors, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, nurses and patients. The review examined cannabinoids for the treatment of pain, spasticity, nausea and vomiting, as well as their side-effects and harms.

Researchers found that in most cases the number of randomized studies involving medical cannabis is extremely limited or entirely absent. The size and duration of the studies that do exist are also very narrow in scope.

"In general we're talking about one study, and often very poorly done," said Allan. "For example, there are no studies for the treatment of depression. For anxiety, there is one study of 24 patients with social anxiety in which half received a single dose of cannabis derivative and scored their anxiety doing a simulated presentation. This is hardly adequate to determine if lifelong treatment of conditions like general anxiety disorders is reasonable."

According to the guideline, there is acceptable research for the use of medical cannabinoids to treat a handful of very specific medical conditions. They include chronic neuropathic (nerve) pain, palliative cancer pain, spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury, and nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy. Even in those specific cases, the benefits were found to be generally minor.

For nerve pain, 30 per cent of patients given a placebo saw a moderate improvement in their pain while 39 per cent experienced the same effect while on medical cannabinoids. In patients with muscle spasticity, 25 per cent of those taking a placebo saw a moderate improvement compared to 35 per cent on medical cannabis. The use of medical cannabis was best supported in its use for chemotherapy patients experiencing nausea and vomiting. Just under half of patients using cannabinoids for their symptoms had an absence of nausea and vomiting compared to 13 per cent on placebo.

"Medical cannabinoids should normally only be considered in the small handful of conditions with adequate evidence and only after a patient has tried of number of standard therapies," said Allan. "Given the inconsistent nature of medical marijuana dosing and possible risks of smoking, we also recommend that pharmaceutical cannabinoids be tried first before smoked medical marijuana."

While the researchers found evidence supporting the use of medical cannabinoids to be limited, side-effects were both common and consistent. About 11 per cent of patients were not able to tolerate medical cannabinoids, versus three per cent of those taking placebo. Common effects included sedation (50 per cent versus 30 per cent), dizziness (32 per cent versus 11 per cent) and confusion (nine per cent versus two per cent).

"This guideline may be unsatisfactory for some, particularly those with polarized views regarding medical cannabinoids," said Allan.

He added that those who oppose the use of cannabinoids for medical therapy may be disappointed that the guideline considers medical cannabinoids in specific cases. Others, who feel cannabinoids are highly effective and don't pose any risk, may be frustrated that the guideline doesn't advocate their use sooner or for a broader range of conditions.

"Better research is definitely needed -- randomized control trials that follow a large number of patients for longer periods of time. If we had that, it could change how we approach this issue and help guide our recommendations."

Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal Reference:
G. Michael Allan, Jamil Ramji, Danielle Perry, Joey Ton, Nathan P. Beahm, Nicole Crisp, Beverly Dockrill, Ruth E. Dubin, Ted Findlay, Jessica Kirkwood, Michael Fleming, Ken Makus, Xiaofu Zhu, Christina Korownyk, Michael R. Kolber, James McCormack, Sharon Nickel, Guillermina Noël and Adrienne J. Lindblad. Simplified guideline for prescribing medical cannabinoids in primary care. Canadian Family Physician, February 2018 [link

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